Day 9 of the Presidential Academy Summer Campus finishes
On July26 the participants of the Summer Campus discussed current trends with the experts.
Before noon the students visited the lecture by Evgenia Shamis, General Director of Sherpa S Pro Energy of Success, devoted to the development of sustainable and competitive clusters in the context of globalization. The expert told the students about the origins of the need to create clusters, formats and technologies of competition of the past, cooperation with professional community, platforms for communication, mechanisms of cooperation within cluster associations, principles of clusters’ corporate organization and several other topics.
According to Evgenia Shamis, clusters have become one of the most effective competition technologies which replaced existing closed towns and territorial and industrial complexes. "These formats no longer can catch up with mobility and follow international processes", she underlined. Formation of clusters, in its turn, is a successful model tailored to the new concepts of sustainable development, globalization and a more important role of IT. The expert also defined the term "cluster" noting that it is a long-term project of social and economic development, partnership of companies, organizations and institutions specializing in the same topic, science-based education, and successful tried-and-true approaches to increasing the quality of life in the region in the global competitive environment. In her speech Evgenia Shamis mentioned advanced clusters in the USA, India and Singapore. According to the expert’s estimation, in Russia there are 14 advanced industrial clusters situated in Kaluga, Nizhny Novgorod and Ulyanovsk regions, the Republics of Tatarstan and Mordovia, in Zelenograd, Zheleznogorsk, Tomsk, Novosibirsk and a number of other constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
"Establishing a cluster is impossible without production of its own "pioneer" products. Cluster is a place which helps to win", Ms Shamis noted. Thus, an association which is one of the 5-7 key places of innovations production in the world can be considered successful. The expert also underlined that clusters are always local and global players. Important factors of balanced development are regular reproduction of startups within clusters, creation of new qualifications and professions, increasing the number of developed products and services, as well as attracting people to high-productive jobs.
At the meeting Evgenia Shamis also told about the culture of entrepreneurship and trust as a criterion of global competition. Besides, within the framework of the lecture the participants were asked to implement technical tasks. In particular, the students in working groups developed the formats of cluster cooperation, discussed the most effective practices and technologies of partnership and analyzed the degree of personal benefit from the participation in the clusters’ work.
On July 26 Minister of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan Midkhat Kurmanov also delivered a lecture at the Presidential Academy Summer Campus. The expert told the students how regional regulatory issues are solved. In his presentation he mentioned the examples from the work of the Ministry of Justice and judicial practice. A major part of his lecture was devoted to the work of legislative bodies and powers of top executives of constituent entities of the Russian Federation and cooperation of these structures within the framework of regional and federal legislations. The participants of the Summer Campus asked about current powers of local authorities, sanctions for deputies missing meetings, interaction of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan with the regional public prosecutor's office during joint checks and personnel policy and effectiveness of social elevators in the republican authorities.
"The things you are taught at the university make up only 30% of the required knowledge. You need to learn at work as legal system constantly updates and laws are changing", Midkhat Kurmanov noted to this end.
Chief of Staff of the President of Tatarstan, Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of Tatarstan in the State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan Yuri Kamaltynov held a meeting with the participants of the Summer Campus and talked to them. The expert told about the key trends in Tatarstan’s HR policy and about implementation of large-scale for attraction of investments. "Thanks to the Universiade we have set our full construction and machine building complex in motion, perfected Kazan’s infrastructure, built three new metro stations and modern sporting facilities", Mr Kamaltynov noted. He also told about the implementation of the pilot project on establishment of the "Presidential Twenty" – talent pool of future leaders. Yuri Kamaltynov noted that in 2013 only young civil servants who received recommendations of heads of the corresponding municipality or agency would study at this program, however, in 2014 young specialists from all regions would be able to apply. In conclusion, Mr Kamaltynov answered some of the participants’ questions.
Day 9 of the Summer Campus finished with the lecture by Director of the Department for Promotion of Innovations and Social Programs of the "Russian" RVC JSC Evgeny Kuznetsov. His speech was devoted to the principles and tools of strategic planning in the context of booming global markets. The expert pointed to the trends in global transformation of the key areas of state policy. According to Mr Kuznetsov, markets of medicine, pharmaceutics, education, energy, communications and mass media are undergoing significant changes. "Stereotypes in regulation are being broken, as well as tools managing media production. Indeed, modern technologies allow to influence the life of each and every person directly", the speaker emphasized.
In his presentation, Evgeny Kuznetsov told about unification principle and typologization underlying the 20th century’s ideology. The trend of the new time is personalization, when a product is produced with the use of mass technologies and is oriented at final consumer. Thus, individual preferences become monetized. This paradigm is reflected in all aspects of activity. Thus, Evgeny Kuznetsov mentioned an educational system focused on transition from traditional education to specific combinations of knowledge and expertise.
The expert also mentioned the transition from the main center of profit making, which is now marketing, sales and distribution. "In Russia each economic process is still viewed as production priority. Over several decades this model has not been the most suitable. An attempt to bring old traditional methods in the new technological wave hampers development", Evgeny Kuznetsov underlined. He pointed to the importance of investments in a wide range of spheres even if there are no forecasted results. At the same time it is necessary to increase financing of those products which demonstrate growth in the markets. "Quick reaction, flexibility and quick decision making are the key factors of competitiveness", he added.
In conclusion Evgeny Kuznetsov answered several questions concerning the outlook for development and liquidity of domestic computer technologies and the influence of bureaucratic barriers to the country’s positioning in the world market situation.