Arkady Dvorkovich and Vladimir Mau talk to the students on Day 0 of the Summer Campus
On June 17, Day 0 of the Summer Campus, participants talked to the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Arkady Dvorkovich and the Rector of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration Vladimir Mau. The students of all three departments – Department of Public Administration and Development, Department of Business and Entrepreneurship and Department of Social Projects – gathered at the Hall n.a. Yegor Gaidar.
In his lecture, Vladimir Mau told about the outstanding historical figures who gave the names to the audiences of the educational Forum. He noted the important role these statesmen had played in overcoming consequences of global cyclical crises by their countries and creating conditions for economic development.
In 2013 the audiences where the Summers Campus lectures and trainings will take place bear the names of the first Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Empire Sergey Witte, third Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Empire Petr Stolypin, outstanding Russian statesman and reformist Mikhail Speransky, first Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation Yegor Gaidar, the 32nd American President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the first Reichskanzler of the German Empire Otto von Bismarck and the Indian politician, ideologist and leader of the Indian independence movement Mahatma Gandhi.
Vladimir Mau’s lecture focused on the issues of the person–society relationship in the context of modern challenges to education. He outlined the changes taking place in high school over the past decade and the trends of global economic impact on development of a country’s human capital. "Modern economies and accelerated development models center on forming a society and business adaptive to the changing conditions of the global market", noted the RANEPA Rector adding that "today educational programs are so flexible that successful graduates seldom work in the field specified in their Degree Certificate."
Besides, Vladimir Mau told the Campus participants about the prospects of remote education and a serious problem posed to its supranational distribution by linguistic barrier. "According to some forecasts, the problem of adequate computer translation will be overcome in a decade. Different languages will no longer be so essential for the access to foreign educational recourses", he commented.
According to Mr. Mau, sharpening international competition for students between universities is an important trend of the modern educational services market. He particularly emphasized the role of continuous learning and mastering skills and competences. Vladimir Mau also told the students about educational programs offered by the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Vladimir Mau also talked with the students in the form of a dialog. The Campus participants asked him about the outcome of educational reform, better control in holding the Unified State Examination (EGE), development of solutions for the global economy, brain drain etc.
Answering the student’s questions, Vladimir Mau stated that he was against setting additional barriers to those who enter universities with the EGE certificates, as it deprives the system of transparency. Commenting the question on how to make highly qualified specialists stay in Russia, Vladimir Mau noted that "brain drain is a common problem for every emerging country." He added that "reducing costs caused by the change of the country of residence is a fundamental problem in the modern world."
Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Arkady Dvorkovich also took part in the conversation.
"You have already won. Spending several days here will do a lot of good to you, you will acquire new skills. I hope that active work at the Campus will give an impetus to your further growth", said Deputy Prime Minister.
During the conversation Arkady Dvorkovich called the Summer Campus participants for cooperation and elimination of barriers caused by the format of the departments’ work: "I am sure that each of you, within the track you have chosen or beyond, will be able to develop solid projects. Sometimes cross-disciplinary partnership which covers business, government and civil society turns out to be more successful than single-aspect initiatives."
In his welcome address before the conversation, Arkady Dvorkovich outlined the key tasks for each track of the Campus work.
Thus, according to him, the main obstacle for public and municipal administration is the lack of motivation and clear mechanisms for achieving the goals. "The state administration system is aimed at solving routine tasks. Its conservative function tends to dominate over the function of development", he noted.
According to Arkady Dvorkovich, searching for effective ways of cost reduction through profound social and economic modernization with direct government support is an important task for the business.
In case of passive business and inactive government, he sees social sphere as an important driving force able to bring the country to the leading positions.
Following his opening remarks Arkady Dvorkovich answered several questions concerning pressing modern challenges.
The questions of the Summer Campus participants concerned a wide range of subjects. In particular, when asked about Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization, Arkady Dvorkovich noted: "Following accession to the WTO we start playing by the common rules and become able to shape and use them to protect our own interests. As earlier we used to be outside this system, we don’t know how to play by these rules. We need to learn how to do that." The expert also drew attention to the importance of developing Russia’s competitive ability in the context of globalization adding that "today living in a closed environment is futureless."
Improving the country’s positions in the world markets is a top-priority task, in particular in education. Thus, a common feature of the majority of Russian universities is lack of qualified academic personnel. Therefore, it is crucial to engage experienced professors of the international level and train our own specialists. "The Government needs to develop a menu of opportunities for young specialists to be able to make their own choices. Today lack of professional personnel can be seen in almost all economic sectors. We need to facilitate inflow of young talented specialists. Not only engineers, but also those who studied humanities have enormous opportunities to reveal their talent in such industries as aircraft- and shipbuilding and space industry", said Arkady Dvorkovich.
He also addressed the prospects of domestic agricultural and fuel and energy sectors development, progressive taxation and promotion of student sports and voiced his opinion on the factors which had led to the success of the Russian team at the Universiade 2013. He also discussed the importance of introducing an interagency mechanism of the Open Government, migration policy regulation, demographic conditions and several other issues.
In conclusion Vladimir Mau thanked the honoured guest for his participation in the Summer Campus of the Presidential Academy and his open, informative and informal dialog with the country’s future intellectual leaders.